Samuel Anderson was born around 1846 in Tallmadge, Ottawa County, Michigan.
By 1860 Samuel was attending school and living with a wealthy miller named Thomas Woodbury and his family in Lamont, Tallmadge Township.
Samuel stood 5’5” tall with brown hair, brown eyes and with a dark complexion, and was an 18-year-old farmer living in either Lamont, Ottawa County or in Muskegon County when he enlisted on February 3, 1864, at the age of 18 in Company E, in Grand Rapids for 3 years, crediting Muskegon and was mustered in on February 4. Samuel joined the Regiment on February 10 and was listed as missing in action on May 12 at Spotsylvania, Virginia, and it seems that Samuel had in fact been taken prisoner. In any case, he was transferred as a prisoner-of-war to Company E, 5th Michigan infantry upon consolidation of the 3rd and 5th Michigan Regiments on June 10, 1864, and was reported as a prisoner through November of 1864.
There is no further record.
Sometime in the late 1860s the War Department was asked by persons unknown to investigate Samuel’s military history, and, on February 10, 1868, the War Department placed a notation in his service record stating that their “Investigation fails to elicit any further information relative to this soldier.”
There seems to be no pension available.