Madison Sheffield was born in 1828 in “Chagum” (probably Chagrin Falls, Cuyahoga County), Ohio.
Madison left Ohio and came to western Michigan sometime before early 1864.
He stood 5’4” with dark eyes and hair and a dark complexion and was a 36-year-old laborer or farmer possibly living in Dalton, Muskegon County when he enlisted in Company E on January 19, 1864, at Grand Rapids for 3 years, crediting Dalton, and was mustered the same day. He joined the Regiment on February 10, was possibly wounded or sick and in the hospital in May of 1864, but had probably returned to duty by the time he was transferred to Company E, Fifth Michigan infantry upon consolidation of the Third and Fifth Michigan Regiments on June 10, 1864.
Madison was wounded on June 16, 1864, probably near Petersburg, Virginia, and absent wounded or sick through August. By September he was reported on detached service through December, and was again absent sick from March of 1865 until he was discharged on June 9, 1865, at Mower hospital in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
It is not known if Madison ever returned to Michigan.
He was married to Sovinia or Lavinia.
In 1879 he applied for a pension (no. 204474) but the certificate was never granted.
Madison died on July 8, 1887, possibly in Minnesota.
In 1890 his widow was living in Minnesota when she applied for and received a pension (no. 382570).