Claudius B. Steele was born in 1844 in Illinois, the son of Francis (1812-1850) and Rosetta J. (Andrews, b. 1813 )
Connecticut native Francis married Ohioan Rosetta sometime before 1837, possibly in Ohio where they were living by 1837. By 1840 they had moved to Illinois and eventually settled in Shirland, Winnebago County, Illinois where Francis died of cancer in January of 1850. That same year Claudius was attending school with his older siblings and living with his mother in Shirland, Illinois. Next door lived his uncle E. Woolcott Steel and his family; his family had settled in Ohio around 1831 and lived there until about 1841.
Claudius was 26 years old and possibly working in Muskegon County, Michigan, when he enlisted in Company F on May 13, 1861. He was wounded on May 4, 1863, at Chancellorsville, Virginia, and died on May 15 of his wounds at Camp Sickles, Virginia. Claudius was presumably buried among the unknown soldiers at Chancellorsville.
By 1866 his mother was living in Ashtabula County, Ohio when she applied for and received a pension (no. 143351). In October of 1867 she married one Mr. McMichael.